How do dogs think and see the world?

Has domestication changed dogs?

What dog research says about humans.

How do dogs think and see the world?

We seek to understand how dogs see the world. Dogs are an important part of human life, which is why it’s shocking that we know so little about their psychology. The BC Dog Lab taps into dogs’ minds using fun puzzles that let us observe their behavior. We’re particularly interested in understanding how dogs learn from their human friends. Long term we seek to support service and working dog training, human-dog bonds, and the pet welfare.

Has domestication changed dog behavior?

Domestication, in the animal cognition space, is used to describe an evolutionary process by which animals experience selection pressure for tameness. Selection pressure is a term used to describe an environment’s impact on an animal’s chances of survival. Scientists have noticed a strong correlation between domestication and certain behavioral and physiological traits that seem to impact dogs and all other domesticated animals. We compare the cognitive abilities of domesticated canids like dogs and dingos (who are semi-domesticated) to the cognitive abilities of wolves to better understand how domestication has impacted canid thinking abilities. Why is this important? Because there’s evidence that humans have been domesticated too!


Has domestication changed dog behavior?

We study dogs to understand humans. There is evidence that humans and dogs share something special — both of us have undergone domestication. As mentioned in the previous paragraph, domestication is a process that has anatomical and behavioral consequences for a species’ social behavior. Because both dogs and humans have undergone domestication, we can study dogs to better understand how humans’ complex behavioral ecology evolved. 



“Still Face” – Virtual Study

Will you help our thesis student, Kayla? Her project started online during COVID and needs to finish that way.

Kayla wants to know more about the way dogs understand normal versus abnormal social interactions with their humans. 

You need: A dog, a computer, zoom, and a stable internet connection. 

“Re-engagement” – Virtual Study

Mark needs help with his thesis study! His project also started during COVID and he needs ten more participants. 

Mark is investigating the way dogs interact with their play partners. You can sign up using the link below!

You need: Two people, a dog, a computer, zoom, and a stable internet connection. 


Peer Reviewed Publications

Bray, E., Otto, C., Udell, M., Hall, N., Johnston, A. M., & MacLean, E. (2021). Enhancing the selection and performance of working dogs. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 8, 644431. PDF

Pelgrim, M., Espinosa, J., Tecwyn, E, Marton, S., Johnston, A. M., Buchsbaum, D. (2021). What’s the point? Domestic dogs’ sensitivity to the accuracy of human informants. Animal Cognition, 24, 281-297. PDF

Silver, Z., Furlong, E., Johnston, A. M., & Santos, L. R. (2021). Training differences predict dogs’ (Canis lupus familiaris) preferences for prosocial others. Animal Cognition, 24, 75-83. PDF

Byrne, M., Bray, E., MacLean, E., Johnston, A. M. (2020). Evidence of win-stay-lose-shift in puppies and adult dogs. Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society. PDF

Royka, A. L., Johnston, A. M., Santos, L. R. (2020). Metacognition in canids: A comparison of dogs (Canis familiaris) and dingoes (Canis dingo). Manuscript in press at the Journal of Comparative Psychology. PDF

Johnston, A. M., Byrne, M., & Santos, L. R. (2018). What is unique about shared reality? Insights from a new comparison species. Current Opinion in Psychology, 23, 30-33. PDF

Johnston, A. M., Huang, Y., & Santos, L. R. (2018). Dogs do not demonstrate a human-like bias to defer to communicative cues. Learning & Behavior, 46(4), 449-461. PDF

Johnston, A. M., Holden, P. C., & Santos, L. R. (2017). Exploring the evolutionary origins of overimitation: A comparison across domesticated and non-domesticated canids. Developmental Science, 20(4), e12460. PDF

Johnston, A. M., Turrin, C., Watson, L., Arre, A. M., & Santos, L. R. (2017) Uncovering the origins of dog-human eye contact: Dingoes establish eye contact more than wolves, but less than dogs. Animal Behaviour, 133, 123-129. PDF

Johnston, A. M., McAuliffe, K. & Santos, L. R. (2015). Another way to learn about teaching: What dogs can tell us about the evolution of pedagogy. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 38, e44. PDF

In Press Publications

Hall, N., Johnston, A.M., Bray, E., Otto, C., MacLean, E., & Udell, M. (in press). Working dog training for the 21st century. Frontiers in Veterinary Science.

Johnston, A. M., Arre, A. M., Bogese, M. J., & Santos, L. R. (in press). How do communicative cues shape the way that dogs (Canis familiaris) encode objects? Journal of Comparative Psychology.

Johnston, A. M., Chang, L. W., Wharton, K., & Santos, L. R. (in press). Dogs (Canis familiaris) prioritize independent exploration over looking back. Journal of Comparative Psychology.

Book Reviews and Popular Press

Turrin, C., Johnston, A. M., & Santos, L., R. (2016). [Review of the book Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition, by Á. Miklósi]. Quarterly Review of Biology, 91, 88. PDF

Johnston, A. M. (2015, December 4). Getting inside the mind of a dog. Science Matters! Hartford Courant. PDF

Other News

Dingo Research

Dingo Research

Lab members Dr. Johnston and Molly Byrne just spent two wonderful weeks at the Dingo Discovery and Research Sanctuary just outside of Melbourne. They were able to collaborate with Zach Silver from Yale on several new studies with the fascinating dingoes. For more on...

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